The talim as shown below is a written color code instructions for weaving, in this specific case, a silk Kashmir(i) rug. Only one small portion of a full weaving, this is one of many papers having written information to be called out to weavers. It's not uncommon for the calling to have a song-like theme, often communicated in a chant. Weavers will sit at either end of the loom, both working towards the center of the rug, following the callers instructions on what colors to use for each knot.
As seen below, this is one sheet of many talims used to create an Indian kashmir rug. This particular talim is approximately 30 years old, and written on a waxy type paper about 2 ft. by 1 ft.
Each symbol as seen below represents a different color to be used in weaving.
There is a tremendous amount of tradition involved in this communication style of weaving. Often the eldest male in a family would chant to the younger weavers which color knot was next to be placed. No more than two weavers can follow instructions from the caller. Starting at either side of the rug, each weaver weaves according to the colors which are called for a symmetrical pattern working toward the center of the rug.