A Soumac is a rug which has been woven using a special weaving technique
which renders the final item as a low profile, compact rug. Most often a Soumac is created on a cotton foundation using wool weaving fiber. Unlike many other oriental rugs and Carpets, Soumac weavings do not have a pile: Due to construction, they are reversible
from both front to back, however each side has a different appearance. On the front of a soumac rug, the construction appears similar to that of a crochet weaving. The yarn aligns in a repetative pattern which looks similar to multiple sideways "v's". On the reverse side of a soumac rug, you will find the knotting looks identical for the most part to that of any other Oriental Rug.
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Soumac weavings are a very old weaving, and unlike kilims, they have a significantly different evolution of coloring and designs. While Kilims have maintained similar colors and designs as many years ago, Soumacs have undergone somewhat of an evolution. Traditionally, Soumac weaves would have featured many dark colors, and sometimes geometric patterns. Now given significant popularity, Soumacs can be found to have almost any type of pattern, and almost any coloring as well. While Soumacs are now woven using many classic Persian designs and even European patterns as well. However, it does seem as though many Soumacs which are commercially available today seem to have more earth tone colors, and somewhat of a Southwestern feel to them.
One or more example(s) photographed above courtesy Dilmaghani & Co.
inventory of their NY Oriental Rug Warehouse
or NY showroom of Oriental