1. Dirt, grit and other small abrasive elements. Foot traffic is one of the hardest and most common forms of premature wear of oriental rugs. Tracking foreign objects indoors on the soles of shoes is extremely abrasive to a carpets structural fibers. Regular weekly vacuuming helps prevent grit from working down to the base of the rug, where inevitably will damage the rug. Vacuum the reverse side of your Oriental Rug every year, including the padding. Excersize shampoo washes at your local rug washing plant every 5-7 years or as needed. This will help to ensure longevity of your rug.
2. Uneven floor and routing of wires under the rug. Uneven floors, and the routing of wires under your rug will create peaks and valleys. Areas where the carpet sits higher will be more susceptible to uneven wear from traffic, and decrease value.
3. Water damage from potted plants. Potted plants placed on or near your Oriental Rug may leak water leading to dry rot. This damage is very difficult and costly to repair.
4. Poor treatment of stains or fraying areas in need of repair. Stains, if not properly treated, may become permanent. Be sure the spot cleaners used are thoroughly flushed out of the rug. Some carpet cleaning solutions may not remove 100% of the stain. Chemicals used in previous treatments may make stains color fast and resistant to future attempts of treatment. If your carpet is fraying, or is in need of repair, always have this professionally done sooner rather than later. Preventative measures can be taken to overcast ends and prevent loss of knots.
5. Prolonged exposure to the Sun. Prolonged exposure to sun may promotes oxidation/fade of fiber tips. This creates two problems - the fibers may become dry and brittle as well as lightening the colors of your Oriental Rug.
6. Not rotating your rug. A carpet which has been situated in the same position for many years often become worn harder in localized areas. Furniture placement often dictates inevitable repeat traffic patterns. Rotate your rug every three to five years.
7. Poor manner of storing Oriental Rugs. Rugs which have not been cleaned prior to storage will be more susceptible to moth damage and other infestation. Proper storage includes wrapping the carpet loosely in paper and Tyvek. Never store your rug in a basement or humid environment as mold, mildew and dry rot will all be possible outcomes.
For more information and to see examples of moth damage, dry rot and other, click here.