Typical examples of oriental rugs may feature multiple borders. In
most cases, any loss to either end or side of a rug can severly impact
the value. Design motif, width, number of, and detail of borders will
may vary significantly from rug to rug.
Distinguishing between the basic, typical arrangement is important: condition notes in high profile auction catalogs sometimes reference if borders have been compromised by loss to ends, or whether rug has been reduced in size.
While not all rugs will feature the outlined border arrangement shown in this entry, the general arrangement is often found as such. From the outside of each end of a rug going inward, typical, consecutive arrangement is as follows: Fringe, sometimes knots or kilim, a stripe of solid woven pile then the borders listed below.* From the outside edges or sides of a rug going inward, typical orientation is as follows,
*(Outside in) 1: The outer, minor guard border. 2: Outer guard border. 3: Main Border. 4: Inner Guard Border. 5: Inner, Minor Guard Border.
Above, Outside In: outer minor guard border & inner minor guard border.
Above, Outside In: Outer guard border, inner guard border.
Above: Main Border, sometimes referred to as "the border".
Below: Sample rug used for demonstration, a Bulgerian interpretation of an antique Persian tabriz design carpet.